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Jesus of the Quran

Jesus is mentioned in the Quran in 93 verses but, while the person referenced is the same one as in the New Testament, the differences between the image Christianity provides us and the one in Islam are vast; and include historical and theological incompatibilities.

[at the end of the article you can click to read the relevant verses of the Quran]

The Quran deems Jesus to be a prophet, not the son of God, as it also deems Moses and others before Mohamed to be; all of them people that God sent or empowered with the means to spread his message. No distinction is allowed among the prophets, including Mohamed (3.84). It is written that Jesus is like Adam in front of God –He formed him and then said “so be it” and it was done. Jesus is usually mentioned as “the son of Mary” (in contrast to “son of God” in Christianity), or as an “apostle”, a “prophet”, “Messiah”, “virtuous”, “the Spirit of God” or the “Word of God”, while there is a complete denial that he was divine and of the validity of the trinity as “Allah is but one God” (4.171). He name in Arabic is “Isa”.

The Quran denies any possibility of God having a son and those who support the idea, like the Jews speaking of Ezra[1] and the Christians of Jesus, are “blasphemers, “infidels” and “ungrateful”, as they worshipped the rabbis and the Messiah more than God. “Τhey imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before them. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded?” (9.30). Whoever equates God with other deities will be punished. “Never would the Messiah disdain to be a servant of Allah” (4.172).

When Mary’s mother gave birth to her daughter, she sought God’s protection from Satan for Mary and her descendants. God agreed and sent food to Mary in a miraculous manner. When she became a woman, angels visited her and told her she was chosen by God, since she was “pure” (she is also referenced as “chaste”, “pious” and “virtuous”), to give birth to the Messiah, who will teach the people as a child and will grow up to be a virtuous man.

“She said, ‘My Lord, how will I have a child when no man has touched me?’ The angel said, ‘Such is Allah ; He creates what He wills. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is’.” (3.47)

The angels told her that her son would perform miracles, such as healing the lepers and the blind, raise the dead and give life to the inanimate, and will validate the Law that the descendants of Israel had received from God (meaning the Bible, even though the New Testament is considered to be a corruption of the true words and acts of Jesus in Islam).

Zechariah, Mary’s guardian, asked God for a successor. Mary was led to the temple of Jerusalem, where the spirit of God (the archangel Gabriel) visited her and told her that God sent him to give her a “holy son” (“We blew into her garment through Our angel” – 66.12). Thus, Mary conceived and receded in a secluded place where she started labor near a palm tree. The labor experience in Islam, therefore, is very different than the one we find in the New Testament, since Mary, in the Quran, is left to her pains all alone, without the company of Joseph, in a desert landscape and without magi bringing her gifts. A voice “from below her” (some say this was God’s voice, others the voice of the newly born Jesus) assured her to endure her pains, and God provided her with a stream below her feet. When she returned home with the infant she was accused of evilness and of being unchaste. The infant itself defended her (one of Quran’s miracles), by saying: “I am the servant of Allah . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet and He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive and made me dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant. And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive.” (19.30-33) By being raised, here, the Quran is referring to the day of resurrection, when all humans will be judged, since Islam denies that Jesus was resurrected as in the New Testament.

The virgin Mary and Jesus below a palm tree (source)
The virgin Mary and Jesus below a palm tree (source)

Jesus taught men “to worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord” (5.117). He was sent to teach the word of truth (19.34), compassion, mercy and monasticism (57.27) and to be an example for the children of Israel (43.59) while he called upon the believers to become his supporters (61.14). In the verses 43.63-64 we read: “And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, ‘I have come to you with wisdom and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear Allah and obey me. Indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. This is a straight path.’”. In 61.6 Jesus delivers a prophecy about the coming of Mohamed: “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad”. “Ahmad” means “glorious” (or “the most worthy”) and Muslims consider that the Bible reference[2] to a “Comforter” or an “Advocate” which God will give to the people, is actually “the glorious” one, meaning Mohamed.

Wanting to be made sure of the truth of Jesus’ words, his students asked him to miraculously send them down a table filled of food. Jesus prayed to God, who agreed; and then threatened with violence whoever would not be convinced by this miracle. “Indeed, I will sent it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you – then indeed will I punish him with a punishment by which I have not punished anyone among the worlds” (5.115).

Jesus offers food to his students from God (source)
Jesus offers food to his students from God (source)

 

The issue of Jesus’ death in the Quran is still a subject of debate, since the brief reference in the text provides us with a cryptic description: The followers of the Scriptures, the Jews, broke God’s commandments and, after speaking ill of Mary, said they killed her son. “They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but another was made to resemble him to them… And they did not kill him, for certain. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise” (4.157-8). Next, God accuses the Jews that they disenchant others from the path of God and that, by practicing usury, they unjustly steal other people’s savings. He curses them and promises a punishment on the Judgment Day.

Islamic scholars disagree on the precise meaning of the text. Some say that God literally substituted Jesus with another man, made to look like him, and took Jesus by his side (there is also disagreement whether he was alive at the time or not), while others say that, here, by “Jesus” the text implies the “word of God” which cannot be truly destroyed by men. In another part of the Quran, God is shown to say to Jesus: “I restrained the Children of Israel from killing you” (5.110), and in another verse the Quran says: “And the disbelievers [meaning the Jews] planned, but Allah planned. And Allah is the best of planners” (3.54). In 3.112 the Jews are said to not have believed God’s revelations and to have “killed the prophets”. In 3.181 they are threatened by God that “their killing of the prophets” will be punished by the burning fire. Similar references can be found in 2.91, in 2.61, in 3.21, in 3.183 and in 4.155.

So, though the references to Jesus are many, narrations of his and Mary’s lives are scarce and short, while Jesus’ teachings are given only descriptively. Therefore, we cannot have a complete image of him based on the Quran, but it is certain that Muslims greatly appreciate (their own) Jesus, since he is even equated in importance and piety with Mohamed and the rest of the apostles/prophets.

Vincent Decourt – Maryam with Angel (2013) (source)
Vincent Decourt – Maryam with Angel (2013) (source)

 

There are more references to Jesus in the Islamic literature, in the hadith –the collections of sayings, actions or habits of the Mohamed.

There (for example), it is mentioned that only Jesus and Mary among all humans were born without Satan touching them (Abu Hurairah 4.199), that all the apostles are brothers and their religion is the same (Abu Hurairah 4.203), that two of Jesus’ teachings was to examine the sins of our fellow men not as lords but as servants –to be merciful to the sick and give thanks to God for health (Abdallah ibn al-Mubarak 3)-, and that four qualities that people can have are silence (the beginning of worship), humility, asceticism and poverty (Abdallah ibn al-Mubarak 13), that not even Jesus knew when the Day of Judgment would arrive (Abdallah ibn al-Mubarak 5), that, according to Jesus, we must strive for the sake of God and not our bellies, avoiding the excesses of the world (Abdallah ibn al-Mubarak 15) and that, when Jesus ascended to heaven, he left behind him a woolen garment, a slingshot and two sandals (Hammad ibn al-Sariyy 77).

In the hadith Bukhari 60.23, Jesus declares an inability to intercede between the believers and God on the behalf of the former in the Day of Judgment in order for their sins to be forgiven and enter into heaven. He directs them to Mohamed, as he is the only one whose sins have all been forgiven. This is in clear contrast with the dogma of Christianity, where Jesus is the one who will save mankind.

Elsewhere, in Bukhari 43.656, Jesus is said to appear as a just judge in the Day of Judgment and “break the cross, kill swine and abolish jizya”. “Jizya” is the tax paid by Jews and Christians who live in “Muslim lands”. Here it is meant that Jesus will destroy the fake symbols of worship (cross), he will exterminate the pigs, an animal consumed by Christians and avoided by Muslims, and he will abolish the tax as it will be made obvious to everyone that Islam is true and it will be accepted by all. Jesus is said to be a “just judge” because these judgments honor the sharia (Islamic law). After doing these things, he will kill Dajjal and live for 40 more years on Earth before he dies (Sunan Abu Dawud 37.4310). “Dajjal” is the false Messiah in Islamic eschatology and is believed to appear before the Judgment Day pretending to be the true savior. He is the equivalent of Antichrist and Armilus (in Judaism).

[1] It is believed that some Jews in Yemen thought Ezra to be the son of God.

[2] John: 14:15-17: If ye love me, keep my commandments. And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.”

I originally used the Arabic to Greek translation by K. I. Pentakis (published by Cactus, 2006). The English translation I provide can be found at quran.com

List of Quranic verses referencing Jesus

List of Quranic verses referencing Jesus

The Quran (=recitation) is the revelation of Allah (=God) to the Prophet Mohamed. The recitation is almost exclusively made by Allah, who speaks either in the first plural or in the first or third singular.

Below you can find the verses where Jesus is mentioned. I also provide those I considered necessary for context, when narration is given.

2.87

And We did certainly give Moses the Torah and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported him with the Pure Spirit. But is it [not] that every time a messenger came to you, [O Children of Israel], with what your souls did not desire, you were arrogant? And a party [of messengers] you denied and another party you killed.

2.116

They say, ” Allah has taken a son.” Exalted is He! Rather, to Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. All are devoutly obedient to Him,

2.136

Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”

2.253

Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.

3.21

Those who disbelieve in the signs of Allah and kill the prophets without right and kill those who order justice from among the people – give them tidings of a painful punishment.

3.36

But when she delivered her, she said, “My Lord, I have delivered a female.” And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, “And the male is not like the female. And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of Allah ].”

3.37

So her Lord accepted her with good acceptance and caused her to grow in a good manner and put her in the care of Zechariah. Every time Zechariah entered upon her in the prayer chamber, he found with her provision. He said, “O Mary, from where is this [coming] to you?” She said, “It is from Allah . Indeed, Allah provides for whom He wills without account.”

3.45

[And mention] when the angels said, “O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary – distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah ].

3.46

He will speak to the people in the cradle and in maturity and will be of the righteous.”

3.47

She said, “My Lord, how will I have a child when no man has touched me?” [The angel] said, “Such is Allah ; He creates what He wills. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is.

3.48

And He will teach him writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel

3.49

And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], ‘Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of Allah . And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead – by permission of Allah . And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers.

3.50

And [I have come] confirming what was before me of the Torah and to make lawful for you some of what was forbidden to you. And I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear Allah and obey me.

3.51

Indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is the straight path.”

3.52

But when Jesus felt [persistence in] disbelief from them, he said, “Who are my supporters for [the cause of] Allah ?” The disciples said,” We are supporters for Allah . We have believed in Allah and testify that we are Muslims [submitting to Him].

3.53

Our Lord, we have believed in what You revealed and have followed the messenger Jesus, so register us among the witnesses [to truth].”

3.54

And the disbelievers planned, but Allah planned. And Allah is the best of planners.

3.55

[Mention] when Allah said, “O Jesus, indeed I will take you and raise you to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to Allah alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ.

3.56

And as for those who disbelieved, I will punish them with a severe punishment in this world and the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers.”

3.57

But as for those who believed and did righteous deeds, He will give them in full their rewards, and Allah does not like the wrongdoers.

3.58

This is what We recite to you, [O Muhammad], of [Our] verses and the precise [and wise] message.

3.59

Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was.

3.79

It is not for a human [prophet] that Allah should give him the Scripture and authority and prophethood and then he would say to the people, “Be servants to me rather than Allah ,” but [instead, he would say], “Be pious scholars of the Lord because of what you have taught of the Scripture and because of what you have studied.”

3.84

Say, “We have believed in Allah and in what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Descendants, and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [submitting] to Him.”

4.155

And [We cursed them] for their breaking of the covenant and their disbelief in the signs of Allah and their killing of the prophets without right and their saying, “Our hearts are wrapped”. Rather, Allah has sealed them because of their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few.

4.156

And [We cursed them] for their disbelief and their saying against Mary a great slander,

4.157

And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.

4.158

Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise.

4.159

And there is none from the People of the Scripture but that he will surely believe in Jesus before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection he will be against them a witness.

4.160

For wrongdoing on the part of the Jews, We made unlawful for them [certain] good foods which had been lawful to them, and for their averting from the way of Allah many [people],

4.161

And [for] their taking of usury while they had been forbidden from it, and their consuming of the people’s wealth unjustly. And we have prepared for the disbelievers among them a painful punishment.

4.163

Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him. And we revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Descendants, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the book [of Psalms].

4.171

O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, “Three”; desist – it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.

4.172

Never would the Messiah disdain to be a servant of Allah , nor would the angels near [to Him]. And whoever disdains His worship and is arrogant – He will gather them to Himself all together.

5.17

They have certainly disbelieved who say that Allah is Christ, the son of Mary. Say, “Then who could prevent Allah at all if He had intended to destroy Christ, the son of Mary, or his mother or everyone on the earth?” And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them. He creates what He wills, and Allah is over all things competent.

5.45

And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.

5.46

And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous.

5.72

They have certainly disbelieved who say, ” Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary” while the Messiah has said, “O Children of Israel, worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord.” Indeed, he who associates others with Allah – Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.

5.75

The Messiah, son of Mary, was not but a messenger; [other] messengers have passed on before him. And his mother was a supporter of truth. They both used to eat food. Look how We make clear to them the signs; then look how they are deluded.

5.78

Cursed were those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel by the tongue of David and of Jesus, the son of Mary. That was because they disobeyed and [habitually] transgressed.

5.79

They used not to prevent one another from wrongdoing that they did. How wretched was that which they were doing.

5.109

[Be warned of] the Day when Allah will assemble the messengers and say, “What was the response you received?” They will say, “We have no knowledge. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen”

5.110

[The Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, “This is not but obvious magic.”

5.111

And [remember] when I inspired to the disciples, “Believe in Me and in My messenger Jesus.” They said, “We have believed, so bear witness that indeed we are Muslims [in submission to Allah ].”

5.112

[And remember] when the disciples said, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven? [Jesus] said,” Fear Allah , if you should be believers.”

5.113

They said, “We wish to eat from it and let our hearts be reassured and know that you have been truthful to us and be among its witnesses.”

5.114

Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah , our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.”

5.115

Allah said, “Indeed, I will sent it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you – then indeed will I punish him with a punishment by which I have not punished anyone among the worlds.”

5.116

And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah ?'” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.

5.117

I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.

5.118

If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

5.119

Allah will say, “This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness.” For them are gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, Allah being pleased with them, and they with Him. That is the great attainment.

5.120

To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent.

6.85

And Zechariah and John and Jesus and Elias – and all were of the righteous.

9.30

The Jews say, “Ezra is the son of Allah “; and the Christians say, “The Messiah is the son of Allah .” That is their statement from their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved [before them]. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded?

9.31

They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah , and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.

19.16

And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east.

19.17

And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Angel, and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man.

19.18

She said, “Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful from you, [so leave me], if you should be fearing of Allah .”

19.19

He said, “I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy.”

19.20

She said, “How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?”

19.21

He said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.’ “

19.22

So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place.

19.23

And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, “Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten.”

19.24

But he called her from below her, “Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream.

19.25

And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates.

19.26

So eat and drink and be contented. And if you see from among humanity anyone, say, ‘Indeed, I have vowed to the Most Merciful abstention, so I will not speak today to [any] man.’ “

19.27

Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, “O Mary, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented.

19.28

O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste.”

19.29

So she pointed to him. They said, “How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?”

19.30

[Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of Allah . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.

19.31

And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive

19.32

And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant.

19.33

And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive.”

19.34

That is Jesus, the son of Mary – the word of truth about which they are in dispute.

19.35

It is not [befitting] for Allah to take a son; exalted is He! When He decrees an affair, He only says to it, “Be,” and it is.

19.88

And they say, “The Most Merciful has taken [for Himself] a son.”

19.89

You have done an atrocious thing.

19.90

The heavens almost rupture therefrom and the earth splits open and the mountains collapse in devastation

19.91

That they attribute to the Most Merciful a son.

19.92

And it is not appropriate for the Most Merciful that He should take a son.

19.93

There is no one in the heavens and earth but that he comes to the Most Merciful as a servant.

21.91

And [mention] the one who guarded her chastity, so We blew into her [garment] through Our angel [Gabriel], and We made her and her son a sign for the worlds.

23.50

And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign and sheltered them within a high ground having level [areas] and flowing water.

33.7

And [mention, O Muhammad], when We took from the prophets their covenant and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant.

33.8

That He may question the truthful about their truth. And He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful punishment.

42.13

He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus – to establish the religion and not be divided therein. Difficult for those who associate others with Allah is that to which you invite them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills and guides to Himself whoever turns back [to Him].

43.15

But they have attributed to Him from His servants a portion. Indeed, man is clearly ungrateful.

43.16

Or has He taken, out of what He has created, daughters and chosen you for [having] sons?

43.17

And when one of them is given good tidings of that which he attributes to the Most Merciful in comparison, his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief.

43.45

And ask those We sent before you of Our messengers; have We made besides the Most Merciful deities to be worshipped?

43.57

And when the son of Mary was presented as an example, immediately your people laughed aloud.

43.58

And they said, “Are our gods better, or is he?” They did not present the comparison except for [mere] argument. But, [in fact], they are a people prone to dispute.

43.59

Jesus was not but a servant upon whom We bestowed favor, and We made him an example for the Children of Israel.

43.60

And if We willed, We could have made [instead] of you angels succeeding [one another] on the earth.

43.61

And indeed, Jesus will be [a sign for] knowledge of the Hour, so be not in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path.

43.62

And never let Satan avert you. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

43.63

And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, “I have come to you with wisdom and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear Allah and obey me.

43.64

Indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. This is a straight path.”

43.65

But the denominations from among them differed [and separated], so woe to those who have wronged from the punishment of a painful Day.

43.66

Are they waiting except for the Hour to come upon them suddenly while they perceive not?

43.67

Close friends, that Day, will be enemies to each other, except for the righteous

57.26

And We have already sent Noah and Abraham and placed in their descendants prophethood and scripture; and among them is he who is guided, but many of them are defiantly disobedient.

57.27

Then We sent following their footsteps Our messengers and followed [them] with Jesus, the son of Mary, and gave him the Gospel. And We placed in the hearts of those who followed him compassion and mercy and monasticism, which they innovated; We did not prescribe it for them except [that they did so] seeking the approval of Allah . But they did not observe it with due observance. So We gave the ones who believed among them their reward, but many of them are defiantly disobedient.

61.6

And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.”

61.14

O you who have believed, be supporters of Allah , as when Jesus, the son of Mary, said to the disciples, “Who are my supporters for Allah ?” The disciples said, “We are supporters of Allah .” And a faction of the Children of Israel believed and a faction disbelieved. So We supported those who believed against their enemy, and they became dominant.

66.12

And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into [her garment] through Our angel, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient.

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