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Satan of the Quran

[at the end of the article you can click to read the relevant verses of the Quran]

16 British library Iranian Angels around Adam Description: Angels paying homage to Adam watched by Iblis (Satan). A miniature painting from a sixteenth century manuscript of Majalis al-'ushshaq ('The Assemblies of the Lovers'). Title of Work: Majalis al-'Ushshaq. Author: Kamal al-Din Husayn Gazurgahi Illustrator: - Production: Shiraz, Iran, c.1560
16 British library Iranian Angels around Adam
Description: Angels paying homage to Adam watched by Iblis (Satan). A miniature painting from a sixteenth century manuscript of Majalis al-‘ushshaq (‘The Assemblies of the Lovers’).
Title of Work: Majalis al-‘Ushshaq.
Author: Kamal al-Din Husayn Gazurgahi
Illustrator: –
Production: Shiraz, Iran, c.1560 (source)

When God formed Adam and Eve out of mud and blew his spirit into them, he called all of his angels to kneel in front of his creation. The only one who refused was Iblis, as he believed himself to be superior to man, since he was made by fire while man out of earth. “Iblis” was the name of a Jinn, who were creatures created by God and were similar to the Angels (some use the two words interchangeably, and describe Iblis as an “angel”). The difference between the two kinds of creature is that the Angels cannot disobey God and, therefore, cannot do wrong. This is why Iblis (the word might originate from the ancient Greek word ‘διάβολος’, from which the English word ‘devil’ originates), not being one of the Angels, could refuse God’s command, and was therefore named Satan (‘Shaitan’ originally meaning ‘enemy’, ‘rebel’, ‘evil’). Thus, Iblis became an infidel due to his arrogance and God cursed him and exiled him. This arrogance of his, his pride, is what gave him the name ‘Peacock Angel’, as he is called by some Islamic scholars and the Yazidis, whose religion shares themes with the Abrahamic religions. Satan asked for a respite until the end of the world (the day of resurrection and judgment of humans) and God gave it to him. Because God exiled him, Satan said he would lurk for humans to avert them from the path of God.

“Do You see this one whom You have honored above me? If You delay me until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely destroy his descendants, except for a few” (17.62).

Only those faithful to God will not be deceived (“Indeed, over My believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs” – 17.65). God then said that he and his followers would end up in Hell, which will be filled with them. Only Mary and Jesus, among all mankind, would be made protected from Satan’s cunningness, as Mary’s mother placed her daughter and her descendants under God’s protection.

Therefore, Adam was commanded to inhabit Paradise alongside Eve and only forbid them to eat from a particular tree. But Satan fooled them by telling them that the reason God forbid the fruits of that tree was because, by eating them, they would be made into angels and immortals; that the tree was the tree of eternity and indestructible power. So they sinned by eating the fruits and realized their nakedness, indicated to them by Satan.  As they tried to find leaves to cover themselves, God addressed them and refused to accept their pleadings for forgiveness. He punished them by sending them down to Earth where their life would be limited, until they are raised in the Judgment Day, and inserted animosity between them. “Then his Lord chose him [Adam] and turned to him in forgiveness and guided him” (20.122). God would help humans walk the virtuous path – there is no original sin in Islam.

He sent clothes and ornaments to the “sons of Adam” (i.e. humans) and advised them to not listen to Satan, who is their enemy and who would incite them to do evil and lie about God, and to strive for piety. Satan would use wine, gambling and idols to give birth to hatred and enmity among men, averting them from prayer. God will let the ones who have Satan as their protector be destroyed.

“And Satan will say when the matter has been concluded, ‘Indeed, Allah had promised you the promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. I cannot be called to your aid, nor can you be called to my aid. Indeed, I deny your association of me [with Allah ] before. Indeed, for the wrongdoers is a painful punishment’.” (14.22)

Men are called to resort to God against demonic instigation, while, as the pious are on their last breath and plead for a second chance in order to correct their mistakes, their invocations will be ignored.

Iblis (Satan), lord of all the demons. From a manuscript of Kitab al-bulhan (14th century) (source)
Iblis (Satan), lord of all the demons. From a manuscript of Kitab al-bulhan (14th century) (source)

So, even before Mohamed, Satan laid obstacles for all the apostles and prophets who preceded him. But God allows salvation for those without a hardened heart, for the pious. In this way, Satan’s advice is useful so that the pious can be separated from the ill of heart who denied the truth. “They [meaning the devils] descend upon every sinful liar” (26.222). Satan, here, is seen to function as God’s instrument (who anyway rules everything), not merely as a test which humans have to pass in order to gain admittance to Paradise, but as a means for God to know who believes in him and who doesn’t: “And he had over them no authority except [it was decreed] that We might make evident who believes in the Hereafter from who is thereof in doubt” (34.21). Those who offer charity to the poor merely for the purpose of exhibition are proven to have Satan as a friend. It is God who created this enemy of the prophets and men’s temptation, in order to recite the arrogant words the blinded men will utter. But it is in the hands of everyone to distance themselves from Satan’s machinations, as God calls upon men to “let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver” (35.5). Satan, though, can deceive people even if they think they’re on the salvation path. He “misleads them” and “arouses in them sinful desires” (4.119) and removes God from the memory of men (58.19). After Satan convinces people to become infidels, he then tells them “I am disassociated from you. Indeed, I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds” (59.16). God says: “So the outcome for both of them [meaning Satan and the infidels] is that they will be in the Fire, abiding eternally therein” (59.17). No matter how much the infidels plead God in the moment of judgment, he will not forgive them.

Satan rules over only those who lost the path to God and those who identify God with other deities. “The wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful” (17.27). “The party of Satan – they will be the losers” (58.19).

Satan also spreads doubts in men by the means of conversation. “And those who do wrong conceal their private conversation, saying, Is this Prophet except a human being like you?’” (21.3) Whoever allies with them is to be led to the punishment of fire. “And when you see those who engage in offensive discourse concerning Our verses, then turn away from them until they enter into another conversion” (6.68). “You, who have believed, when you converse privately, do not converse about sin and aggression and disobedience to the Messenger but converse about righteousness and piety. And fear Allah, to whom you will be gathered. Private conversation is only from Satan that he may grieve those who have believed, but he will not harm them at all except by permission of Allah. And upon Allah let the believers rely” (58.9-10).

During Jihad too, conversations are deemed to be a means of Satan to afflict his enemies. In the battle between Muslims and Meccans, the former were called to ceaselessly invoke the name of God and to “not dispute”, as, in this way, they will lose courage, while the latter had Satan by their side, who had promised them they would be unbeatable with his help. But, when the armies came across one another, he turned on his heels and broke his promise saying: “I see what you do not see; indeed I fear Allah. And Allah is severe in penalty” (8.44-8.48).

And when they meet those who believe, they say, “We believe”; but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say, “Indeed, we are with you; we were only mockers” (2.14).

Satan leads men to idolatry, as he did with the Adites (Aad), the Thamoudites (Thamud), the people of Sheba and all those who believed them even though they were “endowed with perception”, by making their deeds appear beautiful and virtuous and, thus, averted them from their path (29.38 & 27.24). Idolaters are his helpers and he is invoked by those who worship female deities.

Abraham, considered in Islam to be an apostle/prophet, recognized the fallacy of those who worshipped false gods due to the wisdom he had received from God, and asked his father why he believed in idols that were of no use to him. He exhorted him not to worship Satan, who led him to this error, so as not to be punished by God. His father sent him away in anger, but he stayed loyal to God, who gave him Isaac and Jacob.

The last two chapters of the Quran comprise of supplications, aiming at expelling Satan and his helpers:

“Say, ‘I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak

From the evil of that which He created

And from the evil of darkness when it settles

And from the evil of the blowers in knots

And from the evil of an envier when he envies’.” (113.1-5)

“Say, ‘I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind,

The Sovereign of mankind.

The God of mankind,

From the evil of the retreating whisperer –

Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind –

From among the jinn and mankind’.” (114.1-6)

I originally used the Arabic to Greek translation by K. I. Pentakis (published by Cactus, 2006). The English translation I provide can be found at quran.com

Angel, Persian miniature
Angel, Persian miniature

Quranic verses referencing Satan

Quranic verses referencing Satan

The Quran (=recitation) is the revelation of Allah (=God) to the Prophet Mohamed. The recitation is almost exclusively made by Allah, who speaks either in the first plural or in the first or third singular.

Below you can find the verses where Satan is mentioned. I also provide those I considered necessary for context, when narration is given.

2.14

And when they meet those who believe, they say, “We believe”; but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say, “Indeed, we are with you; we were only mockers.”

2.34

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate before Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers.

2.35

And We said, “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.”

2.36

But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, “Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.”

2.102

And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].” And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah . And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.

2.168

O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

2.169

He only orders you to evil and immorality and to say about Allah what you do not know.

2.208

O you who have believed, enter into Islam completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

2.268

Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

2.275

Those who consume interest cannot stand [on the Day of Resurrection] except as one stands who is being beaten by Satan into insanity. That is because they say, “Trade is [just] like interest.” But Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden interest. So whoever has received an admonition from his Lord and desists may have what is past, and his affair rests with Allah . But whoever returns to [dealing in interest or usury] – those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein.

2.276

Allah destroys interest and gives increase for charities. And Allah does not like every sinning disbeliever.

3.36

But when she delivered her, she said, “My Lord, I have delivered a female.” And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, “And the male is not like the female. And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of Allah ].”

3.155

Indeed, those of you who turned back on the day the two armies met, it was Satan who caused them to slip because of some [blame] they had earned. But Allah has already forgiven them. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing.

3.175

That is only Satan who frightens [you] of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are [indeed] believers.

4.38

And [also] those who spend of their wealth to be seen by the people and believe not in Allah nor in the Last Day. And he to whom Satan is a companion – then evil is he as a companion.

4.60

Have you not seen those who claim to have believed in what was revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you? They wish to refer legislation to Taghut, while they were commanded to reject it; and Satan wishes to lead them far astray.

4.76

Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah , and those who disbelieve fight in the cause of Taghut. So fight against the allies of Satan. Indeed, the plot of Satan has ever been weak.

4.83

And when there comes to them information about [public] security or fear, they spread it around. But if they had referred it back to the Messenger or to those of authority among them, then the ones who [can] draw correct conclusions from it would have known about it. And if not for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would have followed Satan, except for a few.

4.117

They call upon instead of Him none but female [deities], and they [actually] call upon none but a rebellious Satan.

4.118

Whom Allah has cursed. For he had said, “I will surely take from among Your servants a specific portion.

4.119

And I will mislead them, and I will arouse in them [sinful] desires, and I will command them so they will slit the ears of cattle, and I will command them so they will change the creation of Allah .” And whoever takes Satan as an ally instead of Allah has certainly sustained a clear loss.

4.120

Satan promises them and arouses desire in them. But Satan does not promise them except delusion.

4.121

The refuge of those will be Hell, and they will not find from it an escape.

5.90

O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.

5.91

Satan only wants to cause between you animosity and hatred through intoxicants and gambling and to avert you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. So will you not desist?

6.43

Then why, when Our punishment came to them, did they not humble themselves? But their hearts became hardened, and Satan made attractive to them that which they were doing.

6.68

And when you see those who engage in [offensive] discourse concerning Our verses, then turn away from them until they enter into another conversion. And if Satan should cause you to forget, then do not remain after the reminder with the wrongdoing people.

6.71

Say, “Shall we invoke instead of Allah that which neither benefits us nor harms us and be turned back on our heels after Allah has guided us? [We would then be] like one whom the devils enticed [to wander] upon the earth confused, [while] he has companions inviting him to guidance, [calling], ‘Come to us.’ ” Say, “Indeed, the guidance of Allah is the [only] guidance; and we have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.

6.112

And thus We have made for every prophet an enemy – devils from mankind and jinn, inspiring to one another decorative speech in delusion. But if your Lord had willed, they would not have done it, so leave them and that which they invent.

6.121

And do not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has not been mentioned, for indeed, it is grave disobedience. And indeed do the devils inspire their allies [among men] to dispute with you. And if you were to obey them, indeed, you would be associators [of others with Him].

6.142

And of the grazing livestock are carriers [of burdens] and those [too] small. Eat of what Allah has provided for you and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

7.11

And We have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Then We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was not of those who prostrated.

7.12

[ Allah ] said, “What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?” [Satan] said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”

7.13

[ Allah ] said, “Descend from Paradise, for it is not for you to be arrogant therein. So get out; indeed, you are of the debased.

7.14

[Satan] said, “Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.”

7.15

[ Allah ] said, “Indeed, you are of those reprieved.”

7.16

[Satan] said, “Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.

7.17

Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You].”

7.18

[ Allah ] said, “Get out of Paradise, reproached and expelled. Whoever follows you among them – I will surely fill Hell with you, all together.”

7.19

And “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat from wherever you will but do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.”

7.20

But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them that which was concealed from them of their private parts. He said, “Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except that you become angels or become of the immortal.”

7.21

And he swore [by Allah ] to them, “Indeed, I am to you from among the sincere advisors.”

7.22

So he made them fall, through deception. And when they tasted of the tree, their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten together over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And their Lord called to them, “Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?”

7.23

They said, “Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.”

7.24

[ Allah ] said, “Descend, being to one another enemies. And for you on the earth is a place of settlement and enjoyment for a time.”

7.25

He said, “Therein you will live, and therein you will die, and from it you will be brought forth.”

7.26

O children of Adam, We have bestowed upon you clothing to conceal your private parts and as adornment. But the clothing of righteousness – that is best. That is from the signs of Allah that perhaps they will remember.

7.27

O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you as he removed your parents from Paradise, stripping them of their clothing to show them their private parts. Indeed, he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them. Indeed, We have made the devils allies to those who do not believe.

7.28

And when they commit an immorality, they say, “We found our fathers doing it, and Allah has ordered us to do it.” Say, “Indeed, Allah does not order immorality. Do you say about Allah that which you do not know?”

7.29

Say, [O Muhammad], “My Lord has ordered justice and that you maintain yourselves [in worship of Him] at every place [or time] of prostration, and invoke Him, sincere to Him in religion.” Just as He originated you, you will return [to life] –

7.30

A group [of you] He guided, and a group deserved [to be in] error. Indeed, they had taken the devils as allies instead of Allah while they thought that they were guided.

7.200

And if an evil suggestion comes to you from Satan, then seek refuge in Allah . Indeed, He is Hearing and Knowing.

7.201

Indeed, those who fear Allah – when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember [Him] and at once they have insight.

7.202

But their brothers – the devils increase them in error; then they do not stop short.

8.44

And [remember] when He showed them to you, when you met, as few in your eyes, and He made you [appear] as few in their eyes so that Allah might accomplish a matter already destined. And to Allah are [all] matters returned.

8.45

O you who have believed, when you encounter a company [from the enemy forces], stand firm and remember Allah much that you may be successful.

8.46

And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart; and be patient. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.

8.47

And do not be like those who came forth from their homes insolently and to be seen by people and avert [them] from the way of Allah . And A

8.48

And [remember] when Satan made their deeds pleasing to them and said, “No one can overcome you today from among the people, and indeed, I am your protector.” But when the two armies sighted each other, he turned on his heels and said, “Indeed, I am disassociated from you. Indeed, I see what you do not see; indeed I fear Allah . And Allah is severe in penalty.”

12.5

He said, “O my son, do not relate your vision to your brothers or they will contrive against you a plan. Indeed Satan, to man, is a manifest enemy.

12.6

And thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of narratives and complete His favor upon you and upon the family of Jacob, as He completed it upon your fathers before, Abraham and Isaac. Indeed, your Lord is Knowing and Wise.”

12.42

And he said to the one whom he knew would go free, “Mention me before your master.” But Satan made him forget the mention [to] his master, and Joseph remained in prison several years.

12.100

And he raised his parents upon the throne, and they bowed to him in prostration. And he said, “O my father, this is the explanation of my vision of before. My Lord has made it reality. And He was certainly good to me when He took me out of prison and brought you [here] from bedouin life after Satan had induced [estrangement] between me and my brothers. Indeed, my Lord is Subtle in what He wills. Indeed, it is He who is the Knowing, the Wise.

14.22

And Satan will say when the matter has been concluded, “Indeed, Allah had promised you the promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. I cannot be called to your aid, nor can you be called to my aid. Indeed, I deny your association of me [with Allah ] before. Indeed, for the wrongdoers is a painful punishment.”

15.14

And [even] if We opened to them a gate from the heaven and they continued therein to ascend,

15.15

They would say, “Our eyes have only been dazzled. Rather, we are a people affected by magic.”

15.16

And We have placed within the heaven great stars and have beautified it for the observers.

15.17

And We have protected it from every devil expelled [from the mercy of Allah ]

15.18

Except one who steals a hearing and is pursued by a clear burning flame.

15.28

And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud.

15.29

And when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration.”

15.30

So the angels prostrated – all of them entirely,

15.31

Except Iblees, he refused to be with those who prostrated.

15.32

[ Allah ] said, O Iblees, what is [the matter] with you that you are not with those who prostrate?”

15.33

He said, “Never would I prostrate to a human whom You created out of clay from an altered black mud.”

15.34

[ Allah ] said, “Then get out of it, for indeed, you are expelled.

15.35

And indeed, upon you is the curse until the Day of Recompense.”

15.36

He said,”My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.”

15.37

[ Allah ] said, “So indeed, you are of those reprieved

15.38

Until the Day of the time well-known.”

15.39

[Iblees] said, “My Lord, because You have put me in error, I will surely make [disobedience] attractive to them on earth, and I will mislead them all

15.40

Except, among them, Your chosen servants.”

15.41

[ Allah ] said, “This is a path [of return] to Me [that is] straight.

15.42

Indeed, My servants – no authority will you have over them, except those who follow you of the deviators.

15.43

And indeed, Hell is the promised place for them all.

15.44

It has seven gates; for every gate is of them a portion designated.”

15.45

Indeed, the righteous will be within gardens and springs.

15.46

[Having been told], “Enter it in peace, safe [and secure].”

15.47

And We will remove whatever is in their breasts of resentment, [so they will be] brothers, on thrones facing each other.

15.48

No fatigue will touch them therein, nor from it will they [ever] be removed.

16.63

By Allah , We did certainly send [messengers] to nations before you, but Satan made their deeds attractive to them. And he is the disbelievers’ ally today [as well], and they will have a painful punishment.

16.98

So when you recite the Qur’an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].

16.99

Indeed, there is for him no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord.

16.100

His authority is only over those who take him as an ally and those who through him associate others with Allah .

17.27

Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful.

17.53

And tell My servants to say that which is best. Indeed, Satan induces [dissension] among them. Indeed Satan is ever, to mankind, a clear enemy.

17.61

And [mention] when We said to the angles, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He said, “Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?”

17.62

[Iblees] said, “Do You see this one whom You have honored above me? If You delay me until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely destroy his descendants, except for a few.”

17.63

[ Allah ] said, “Go, for whoever of them follows you, indeed Hell will be the recompense of you – an ample recompense.

17.64

And incite [to senselessness] whoever you can among them with your voice and assault them with your horses and foot soldiers and become a partner in their wealth and their children and promise them.” But Satan does not promise them except delusion.

17.65

Indeed, over My [believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs.

18.50

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange.

18.51

I did not make them witness to the creation of the heavens and the earth or to the creation of themselves, and I would not have taken the misguiders as assistants.

18.62

So when they had passed beyond it, [Moses] said to his boy, “Bring us our morning meal. We have certainly suffered in this, our journey, [much] fatigue.”

18.63

He said, “Did you see when we retired to the rock? Indeed, I forgot [there] the fish. And none made me forget it except Satan – that I should mention it. And it took its course into the sea amazingly”.

19.42

[Mention] when he said to his father, “O my father, why do you worship that which does not hear and does not see and will not benefit you at all?

19.43

O my father, indeed there has come to me of knowledge that which has not come to you, so follow me; I will guide you to an even path.

19.44

O my father, do not worship Satan. Indeed Satan has ever been, to the Most Merciful, disobedient.

19.45

O my father, indeed I fear that there will touch you a punishment from the Most Merciful so you would be to Satan a companion [in Hellfire].”

19.68

So by your Lord, We will surely gather them and the devils; then We will bring them to be present around Hell upon their knees.

19.69

Then We will surely extract from every sect those of them who were worst against the Most Merciful in insolence.

19.70

Then, surely it is We who are most knowing of those most worthy of burning therein.

19.71

And there is none of you except he will come to it. This is upon your Lord an inevitability decreed.

20.115

And We had already taken a promise from Adam before, but he forgot; and We found not in him determination.

20.116

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except Iblees; he refused.

20.117

So We said, “O Adam, indeed this is an enemy to you and to your wife. Then let him not remove you from Paradise so you would suffer.

20.118

Indeed, it is [promised] for you not to be hungry therein or be unclothed.

20.119

And indeed, you will not be thirsty therein or be hot from the sun.”

20.120

Then Satan whispered to him; he said, “O Adam, shall I direct you to the tree of eternity and possession that will not deteriorate?”

20.121

And Adam and his wife ate of it, and their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred.

20.122

Then his Lord chose him and turned to him in forgiveness and guided [him].

20.123

[ Allah ] said, “Descend from Paradise – all, [your descendants] being enemies to one another. And if there should come to you guidance from Me – then whoever follows My guidance will neither go astray [in the world] nor suffer [in the Hereafter].

20.126

[ Allah ] will say, “Thus did Our signs come to you, and you forgot them; and thus will you this Day be forgotten.”

20.127

And thus do We recompense he who transgressed and did not believe in the signs of his Lord. And the punishment of the Hereafter is more severe and more enduring.

21.3

With their hearts distracted. And those who do wrong conceal their private conversation, [saying], “Is this [Prophet] except a human being like you? So would you approach magic while you are aware [of it]?”

21.4

The Prophet said, “My Lord knows whatever is said throughout the heaven and earth, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.”

22.52

And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet except that when he spoke [or recited], Satan threw into it [some misunderstanding]. But Allah abolishes that which Satan throws in; then Allah makes precise His verses. And Allah is Knowing and Wise.

22.53

[That is] so He may make what Satan throws in a trial for those within whose hearts is disease and those hard of heart. And indeed, the wrongdoers are in extreme dissension.

23.97

And say, “My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitements of the devils,

23.98

And I seek refuge in You, my Lord , lest they be present with me.”

23.99

[For such is the state of the disbelievers], until, when death comes to one of them, he says, “My Lord, send me back

23.100

That I might do righteousness in that which I left behind.” No! It is only a word he is saying; and behind them is a barrier until the Day they are resurrected.

24.21

O you who have believed, do not follow the footsteps of Satan. And whoever follows the footsteps of Satan – indeed, he enjoins immorality and wrongdoing. And if not for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy, not one of you would have been pure, ever, but Allah purifies whom He wills, and Allah is Hearing and Knowing.

25.29

He led me away from the remembrance after it had come to me. And ever is Satan, to man, a deserter.”

26.210

And the devils have not brought the revelation down.

26.221

Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend?

26.222

They descend upon every sinful liar.

26.223

They pass on what is heard, and most of them are liars.

27.24

I found her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah , and Satan has made their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from [His] way, so they are not guided,

28.15

And he entered the city at a time of inattention by its people and found therein two men fighting: one from his faction and one from among his enemy. And the one from his faction called for help to him against the one from his enemy, so Moses struck him and [unintentionally] killed him. [Moses] said, “This is from the work of Satan. Indeed, he is a manifest, misleading enemy.”

29.38

And [We destroyed] ‘Aad and Thamud, and it has become clear to you from their [ruined] dwellings. And Satan had made pleasing to them their deeds and averted them from the path, and they were endowed with perception.

31.21

And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that upon which we found our fathers.” Even if Satan was inviting them to the punishment of the Blaze?

34.20

And Iblees had already confirmed through them his assumption, so they followed him, except for a party of believers.

34.21

And he had over them no authority except [it was decreed] that We might make evident who believes in the Hereafter from who is thereof in doubt. And your Lord, over all things, is Guardian.

35.5

O mankind, indeed the promise of Allah is truth, so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver.

35.6

Indeed, Satan is an enemy to you; so take him as an enemy. He only invites his party to be among the companions of the Blaze.

36.60

Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam, that you not worship Satan – [for] indeed, he is to you a clear enemy –

36.61

And that you worship [only] Me? This is a straight path.

36.62

And he had already led astray from among you much of creation, so did you not use reason?

36.63

This is the Hellfire which you were promised.

36.64

[Enter to] burn therein today for what you used to deny.”

37.6

Indeed, We have adorned the nearest heaven with an adornment of stars

37.7

And as protection against every rebellious devil

37.8

[So] they may not listen to the exalted assembly [of angels] and are pelted from every side,

37.9

Repelled; and for them is a constant punishment,

37.10

Except one who snatches [some words] by theft, but they are pursued by a burning flame, piercing [in brightness].

38.41

And remember Our servant Job, when he called to his Lord, “Indeed, Satan has touched me with hardship and torment.”

38.71

[So mention] when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay.

38.72

So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration.”

38.73

So the angels prostrated – all of them entirely.

38.74

Except Iblees; he was arrogant and became among the disbelievers.

38.75

[ Allah ] said, “O Iblees, what prevented you from prostrating to that which I created with My hands? Were you arrogant [then], or were you [already] among the haughty?”

38.76

He said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”

38.77

[ Allah ] said, “Then get out of Paradise, for indeed, you are expelled.

38.78

And indeed, upon you is My curse until the Day of Recompense.”

38.79

He said, “My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.”

38.80

[ Allah ] said, “So indeed, you are of those reprieved

38.81

Until the Day of the time well-known.”

38.82

[Iblees] said, “By your might, I will surely mislead them all

38.83

Except, among them, Your chosen servants.”

38.84

[ Allah ] said, “The truth [is My oath], and the truth I say –

38.85

[That] I will surely fill Hell with you and those of them that follow you all together.”

38.86

Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for the Qur’an any payment, and I am not of the pretentious

38.87

It is but a reminder to the worlds.

38.88

And you will surely know [the truth of] its information after a time.”

41.36

And if there comes to you from Satan an evil suggestion, then seek refuge in Allah . Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

43.36

And whoever is blinded from remembrance of the Most Merciful – We appoint for him a devil, and he is to him a companion.

43.37

And indeed, the devils avert them from the way [of guidance] while they think that they are [rightly] guided

43.38

Until, when he comes to Us [at Judgement], he says [to his companion], “Oh, I wish there was between me and you the distance between the east and west – how wretched a companion.”

43.39

And never will it benefit you that Day, when you have wronged, that you are [all] sharing in the punishment.

43.62

And never let Satan avert you. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

47.25

Indeed, those who reverted back [to disbelief] after guidance had become clear to them – Satan enticed them and prolonged hope for them.

58.9

O you who have believed, when you converse privately, do not converse about sin and aggression and disobedience to the Messenger but converse about righteousness and piety. And fear Allah , to whom you will be gathered.

58.10

Private conversation is only from Satan that he may grieve those who have believed, but he will not harm them at all except by permission of Allah . And upon Allah let the believers rely.

58.19

Satan has overcome them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah . Those are the party of Satan. Unquestionably, the party of Satan – they will be the losers.

59.15

[Theirs is] like the example of those shortly before them: they tasted the bad consequence of their affair, and they will have a painful punishment.

59.16

[The hypocrites are] like the example of Satan when he says to man, “Disbelieve.” But when he disbelieves, he says, “Indeed, I am disassociated from you. Indeed, I fear Allah , Lord of the worlds.”

59.17

So the outcome for both of them is that they will be in the Fire, abiding eternally therein. And that is the recompense of the wrong-doers.

81.25

And the Qur’an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens].

113.1

Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak

113.2

From the evil of that which He created

113.3

And from the evil of darkness when it settles

113.4

And from the evil of the blowers in knots

113.5

And from the evil of an envier when he envies.”

114.1

Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind,

114.2

The Sovereign of mankind.

114.3

The God of mankind,

114.4

From the evil of the retreating whisperer –

114.5

Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind –

114.6

From among the jinn and mankind.”

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  1. Αλή αλ-Γιουνάνι

    Satan is enemy

    And mention in the Book [the story of] Abraham. Indeed, he was a man of truth and a prophet.
    [Mention] when he said to his father, “O my father, why do you worship that which does not hear and does not see and will not benefit you at all?
    O my father, indeed there has come to me of knowledge that which has not come to you, so follow me; I will guide you to an even path.
    O my father, do not worship Satan. Indeed Satan has ever been, to the Most Merciful, disobedient.
    O my father, indeed I fear that there will touch you a punishment from the Most Merciful so you would be to Satan a companion [in Hellfire].” (Quran, 19:41-45)

    O children of ’Ādam, “Do not let Satan put you in trouble the way he had your parents expelled from Paradise.. (Quran, 7:27)

    And never let Satan avert you. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy. (Quran, 43:62)

    And they say, “When we are bones and crumbled particles, will we [truly] be resurrected as a new creation?”
    Say, “Be you stones or iron
    Or [any] creation of that which is great within your breasts.” And they will say, “Who will restore us?” Say, “He who brought you forth the first time.” Then they will nod their heads toward you and say, “When is that?” Say, “Perhaps it will be soon –
    On the Day He will call you and you will respond with praise of Him and think that you had not remained [in the world] except for a little.”
    And tell My servants to say that which is best. Indeed, Satan induces [dissension] among them. Indeed Satan is ever, to mankind, a clear enemy. (Quran, 17:49-53)

    Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray.
    They call upon instead of Him none but female [deities], and they [actually] call upon none but a rebellious Satan.
    Whom Allah has cursed. For he had said, “I will surely take from among Your servants a specific portion.
    And I will mislead them, and I will arouse in them [sinful] desires, and I will command them so they will slit the ears of cattle, and I will command them so they will change the creation of Allah .” And whoever takes Satan as an ally instead of Allah has certainly sustained a clear loss.
    Satan promises them and arouses desire in them. But Satan does not promise them except delusion.
    The refuge of those will be Hell, and they will not find from it an escape. (Quran, 4:116-121)

    Then do they not reflect upon the Qur’an, or are there locks upon [their] hearts?
    Indeed, those who reverted back [to disbelief] after guidance had become clear to them – Satan enticed them and prolonged hope for them.
    That is because they said to those who disliked what Allah sent down, “We will obey you in part of the matter.” And Allah knows what they conceal.
    Then how [will it be] when the angels take them in death, striking their faces and their backs?
    That is because they followed what angered Allah and disliked [what earns] His pleasure, so He rendered worthless their deeds.
    Or do those in whose hearts is disease think that Allah would never expose their [feelings of] hatred?
    And if We willed, We could show them to you, and you would know them by their mark; but you will surely know them by the tone of [their] speech. And Allah knows your deeds.
    And We will surely test you until We make evident those who strive among you [for the cause of Allah ] and the patient, and We will test your affairs.
    Indeed, those who disbelieved and averted [people] from the path of Allah and opposed the Messenger after guidance had become clear to them – never will they harm Allah at all, and He will render worthless their deeds.
    O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and do not invalidate your deeds.
    Indeed, those who disbelieved and averted [people] from the path of Allah and then died while they were disbelievers – never will Allah forgive them.
    So do not weaken and call for peace while you are superior; and Allah is with you and will never deprive you of [the reward of] your deeds.
    [This] worldly life is only amusement and diversion. And if you believe and fear Allah, He will give you your rewards and not ask you for your properties. (Quran, 47:24-36)

    O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you as he removed your parents from Paradise, stripping them of their clothing to show them their private parts. Indeed, he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them. Indeed, We have made the devils allies to those who do not believe. (Quran, 7:27)

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