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Philosophy

Spinoza’s Political Treatise – Reason to Power

The Spinoza we read in Political Treatise is not the abstract metaphysical philosopher of Ethics, but the clear-sighted political thinker who addresses problems of his time. He projects reason as the definite tool for organizing and governing the state. Even if the system of government is kingship, it must follow …

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Socrates against ancestor worship

This is a chapter from my book Socrates – moral philosophy in everyday life “For that man is best prepared for life who makes all that concern his welfare depend upon himself…he it is that is temperate, he it is that is courageous and wise”247e-2488a Plato, Menexenus As absurd as …

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Socrates vs Protagoras – Can virtue be taught?

This is a chapter from my book Socrates – moral philosophy in everyday life “If you are ignorant on what a sophist is, you don’t even know to whom you intend to deliver your soul”312c Plato, Protagoras In one of Plato’s most noted texts, Socrates meets Protagoras[1], with whom he disagrees …

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Socrates and the impasse of divine morality

This is a chapter from my book Socrates – moral philosophy in everyday life “Not even on this should you believe god doubtlessly, but you should examine separately each of his phrases” Xenophon, Apology “One is the race of gods and men. From one mother we are born. Our only …

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Socrates on the opinion of others

This is a chapter from my book Socrates – moral philosophy in everyday life “Of the opinions that men form, on others we must give importance, and on others not”46d Plato, Crito Crito visits Socrates in his cell where he awaits his execution, and in order to convince him to …

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What did the man who knew nothing know?

This is a chapter from my book, Socrates – moral philosophy in everyday life “Socrates was a teacher, in the manner in which he meant it” Gregory Vlastos, Socrates – ironist and moral philosopher For someone who said he knew nothing, Socrates surely made a lot of extraordinary claims, which …

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